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外貿函電中常見的翻譯錯誤有哪些?
時 間:2019-05-23 21:44:47  瀏覽次數:0   杭州中譯翻譯有限公司·杭州濱江翻譯公司·專業翻譯機構

  在一些由中文翻譯的英語樣本、合同、廣告和其他文件材料中常見一些翻譯錯誤,現僅舉幾個出現頻率較高的例子,試作分析,謹供讀者朋友參考。

  1. 由港澳國際投資公司投資的??詰繒竟こ桃蚱浣ㄉ杷俁群橢柿康玫礁叨繞蘭?。 原譯文:The Haikou Power Station Project invested by the Hongkong-Macau International Investment Co., Ltd. was highly appraised for its construction speed and quality.

  注:投資某項工程應為invest in a project,在被動語態中不能漏去前置詞in。應譯為:The Haikou Power Station Project invested in(在某些情況下可用financed or funded) by the Hongkong-Macau International Investment Co., Ltd. was highly appraised for its construction speed and quality.

  2. 上海SFECO擁有5個控股子公司。原譯文:Shanghai SFECO Group has 5 share-holding companies.

  注:share-holding company指控制或持有某公司股權的股東公司。上述譯文意思是5個公司持有Shanghai SFECO Group的股份,換句話說,這5個公司是“老子”公司,因此顯然不符合中文原意。應譯為:Shanghai SFECO Group is a holding company of 5 subsidiary companies.或Shanghai SFECO Group holds shares of 5 subsidiary companies.

  3. 中國民生銀行有限公司。原譯文:China Minsheng Banking Corporation, Ltd.

  注:corporation本身即為有限公司,相當于limited company,英譯中無需再加“Ltd”。應譯為:China Minsheng Banking Corporation

  4. 項目中標之后,我們將立即開始前期準備工作。 原譯文:After the bid is awarded, we shall immediately start our advance-phase preparation.

  注:項目中標應為accept a bid or award the contract。顯然上述譯文把兩種表達法相混淆了。應譯為:After the bid is accepted (or the contract is awarded), we shall immediately start our advance-phase preparation.

  5. 歡迎您參觀我們交易會。原譯文:Welcome you to visit our fair!

  注:譯文中welcome是動詞,因此此句是祈使句形式,省略的主語為第二人稱你(你們),而不是中文所含的我(我們)之意。應譯為:We welcome you to visit our trade fair!更簡潔而地道的譯法是:Welcome to our trade fair!

  6. 我公司出口工業產品、化工產品、醫藥等。原譯文:Our company exports industrial products, chemicals, medicines and etc.

  注:etc.等于and so on或and others,已含有and的成分,上述譯文無需加上and一詞。應譯為:Our company exports industrial products, chemicals, medicines, etc.

  7. 我們將委托貴公司作為我公司在毛里求斯的業務代理。 原譯文:We hereby entrust your company to be our business agent in Mauritius.

  注:entrust一詞在作委托解時用法為entrust somebody with something or entrust something to somebody。應譯為:We hereby appoint your company to be our business agent in Mauritius.

  8. 本合同簽訂之后,簽約雙方中任何一方不得將合同內容泄露給第三方。 原譯文:Any of the two parties can not divulge the contents of the contract to a third party after the conclusion of the contract.

  注:雙方中任何一方為either of the two parties,三方(或三方以上)中任何一方才用any of the parties,因本句為否定句,應譯為:Neither of the two parties can divulge the contents of the contract to a third party after the conclusion of the contract.

  9. 在雙方簽約之后,各方將嚴格遵守本協議。原譯文:After this agreement is signed by the two parties, all parties shall strictly abide by it.注:與上一條相類似,在協議當事方為三方(或三方以上)時,各方為all parties,而當事方為兩方時應用both parties。應譯為:After this agreement is signed by the two parties, both parties shall strictly abide by it.


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